SRC "IKAR" - 34 years with you

"IIS-RT" - 2004. Collection № 33-1

Potassium permanganate solution spectrum changes during non-contact activation

Berdova E.S., Glukhova N.A., Shironosov V.G., Kurganovich V.S .
Scientific Research Center "Resonant Technologies" Udmurt State University,
Scientific Research Center "IKAR",,
Collection of abstracts of VNKSF-10, Moscow, 2004, p. 543-544


In 1999 Shironosov V.G. and Shironosov E.V. empirically proved the effect of non-contact activation of liquids (NCAL) during a non-diaphragm electrolysis. Before the experiments the problem 1/R3 - stable resonant microclusters formation on the base of two of more dipoles - was theoretically solved. During electrolysis non-contact activated liquid comes to a thermodynamically non-equilibrium state and get a microcluster structure due to contact activated liquid emission (the same process accompanies other ways of non-contact activation such as magnetic, ultrasonic, laser, etc.). To investigate activated liquids properties we applied not only the widely spread ORP measurement (Fig.1), but also absorption spectroscopy (spectrophotometry) in optical and microwave range.

Fig.1. ORP-activation period diagram: 1) non-contact activation of a 0,006% КMnO4 solution; 2) control sample of distilled water (to which a 0,1% КMnO4 solution was added 10 minutes since the beginning of the experiment); 3) non-contact activation of distilled water (to which a 0,1% КMnO4 solution was added 60 minutes since the beginning of the experiment).


Fig.2. a) transmission spectrum of a 0,008% КMnO4 solution during non-contact activation in comparison with a nontreated solution in optical range; b) attenuation coefficient - frequencies law: 1 - control sample of a 0,1% КMnO4 solution; 2 - non-contact activation of a 0,1% КMnO4 solution in microwave range.


There is a simple explanation of the fact that solution spectrums change during non-contact liquid activation, whereas their chemical composition remains the same. It happens due to liquid transfer into a non-equilibrium thermodynamical state with excess potential energy which appears thanks to the change of a structure: oscillating dipoles (OH-...) near electrodes [1-3] form a microcluster structure. On the base of resonant non-linear dynamical systems theory we can prove that a variable electromagnetic field of two synchronously oscillating dipoles (SOD) has a narrow frequency spectrum (effect of quadrupole resonance) and becomes narrower ~1/r4. The effect of non-contact liquids activation (during a non-diaphragm electrolysis) allows to receive non-equilibrium thermodynamical liquids with microcluster structure and negative ORP without changing their chemical composition.


Thus, as it was proved in the experiments, permanganate solution can act as a liquid microcluster structure detector during NCAL. NCAL as a method can be used for creations of new non-equilibrium resonant spectrometry methods and devices when one deals with minute quantities of a solute or observes changes during physical effects of different emissions and factors on liquids.



[1] Shironosov V.G., Shironosov E.V. "Non-contact electrochemical water activation experiments", Collection of abstracts of the 2nd International Symposium "Electrochemical activation in medicine, farming and industry", Moscow, VNIIIMT AO NPO "Screen", Part 1, p.66-68 (1999), sb15-12e.htm.
[2] Shironosov V.G. "Resonance in physics, chemistry and biology", Izhevsk, Udmurt State University, 1-92 (2001), sb22e.htm.
[3] Shironosov V.G. "Two magnetic dipoles issue subject to equation of spin motion", "Physics", p.74-78 (1985), sb22e.htm
[4] Alekseev V.N. "Quantitative analysis", Moscow, "Chemistry", 1972