"IIS-RT" - 2006. Collection 38-3

Absorption spectrums of non-equilibrium solutions,
received by means of electrolysis

Kurganovich V.S., Shironosov V.G.
Scientific Research Center "Resonant Technologies"
Udmurt State University
ZAO Scientific Research Center "IKAR"
ikar@udm.ru
Collection of abstracts of VNKSF-12, Novosibirsk, 2006, p. 528-529

Technologies for water solutions activation exist for more than two hundreds years; this process is performed through electrolysis with a diaphragm or without one (Perov V.V., 1802). One of the most interesting study directions in this sphere is producing of nonequlibrium low-mineralized solutionswith unique properties [1-3] (sterilizing, disinfectant and detergent solutions with have microcluster structure that can activate liquids through non-contact way and come back to normal state in several seconds or days).

Nowadays many installations qualifying these demands are produced and used in different spheres. However, since there is no universally accepted theory [1] explaining processes accompanying solutions synthesis, express methods for its dynamic properties estimation do not exist either. Existing methods are based on product composition control which is found out by electrochemical reactions [4-7]. This study objective is to offer a new express method of nonequilibrium solutions properties control during the process of their synthesis. This method can be applied to different electrochemical systems, especially to anolyte neutral cathodic (ANC) due to its unique qualities [7].

The method is based on absorption spectrums discovered in an ultraviolet region (200-400 nm). These absorption spectrums of solutions are synthesized through electrolysis with a diaphragm (ANC) or without one (hypochlorite). - Fig.1.

Fig. 1. Absorption spectrum of solutions received by different modes of electrochemical synthesis: 1) anolyte; 2) anolyte neutral cathodic (ANC); 3) hypochlorite.Fig. 2. Representative change of an absorption spectrum ofANC solution 1) at the moment of generation; 2) 24 hours later; 3) 4 days later; 4) 10 days later.

Spectrums were registered by the spectrophotometer "Specord M40" (Carl Zeiss, Jena) in quartz cells (optical distance - 10 mm). When experiments took several days, solutions samples were kept in hermetic containers at 20 C.

The offered method allows controlling solutions properties that change in the course of time (fig.2) and with the changes of electroactivation modes.

Spectrums of anolyte and hypochlorite in this range have one maximum absorption each (anolyte - 310330 nm; hypochlorite - 292 nm), and these maximum absorptions practically do not change in the course of time. ANC spectrum arouses interest as it has two marked maximum absorptions (234 nm and 292 nm) with characteristic nonlinear dynamics (Fig. 2) which indicate nonlinear processes taking place in a solution.

The results are especially interesting if one compares this data with the processes [2, p.68] caused by formation of resonant microclusters - dipole pairs (↑↓), (↑↑), O--- (222-), - (22), 2×2 (2-2)- that induce supercoherent electromagnetic emission [2,8]. The process of non-equilibrium solutions synthesis using electrolysis is analogous to activated non-equilibrium environments synthesis where animals and plants cells are used. Gurvich [8] paid special attention to weak intrinsic ultraviolet emission of animals and plants cells. This emission induces the surrounding cells mitosis, so Gurvich called it "mitogenetic rays". Later scientists discovered characteristic absorption spectrums (234 nm), which are observed during peroxidation of blood preparation lipids [9]. Lipids hydroperoxide content measurement is very important for diagnostics and monitoring of diseases.

Thus spectrum analysis as a most reliable method allows creating new, safe and simple ways to control quality of solutions received with the help of electrochemical synthesis installations, as well as to explain solutions synthesis processes and mechanisms and to speed up optimization of new installations.

References:

  1. Prilutskij V.I., Bakhar V.M. "Electrochemically activated water: anomalous properties and biological mechanisms", Moscow, VNIIIMT AO NPO "Screen", 1997, p. 228, sb10-1.htm
  2. Shironosov V.G. "Resonance in physics, chemistry and biology", Izhevsk, Udmurt State University, 2001, p. 92, sb22e.htm
  3. Smirnov A.N., Lapshin V.B. "Supramolecular water complexes" // E-magazine "Studied in Russia", 2004, http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2004/files/pdf/038.pdf
  4. Prilutskij V.I., Sukova O.I., Panicheva S.A. 'The express-method for measurement of strong oxidant concentration of activated anolyte solutions synthesized in electrochemical installations "STEL", "Aquachlorine" and "Hypochlorine"; ANC bactericidal properties duration'. The 2nd international symposium. electrochemical activation. Abstracts and reports, part 1, p. 189-193, sb21-2.htm
  5. Nefedkin S.I., "Active chlorine electrochemical running sensor". The 2nd international symposium. electrochemical activation. Abstracts and reports, part 2, p. 332-334, sb21-2.htm
  6. Bazhenov L.G., Rizaeva E.V., Abramov N.V., Bazhenova I.L., "Chlorine test for active chlorine concentration measurement during electrochemical activation of solutions". The 2nd international symposium. electrochemical activation. Abstracts and reports, part 2, p. 370-371, sb21-2.htm
  7. Methodical instructions for use of ANC produced in the installation "STEL-10N-120-01" for disinfection, purification before sterilization and sterilization itself'. (MZ RF, 14 Feb 1997), st_6.htm
  8. Gurvich A.G. ' Mitogenetic radiation", Moscow, Gosmedizdat, 1934.
  9. Gavrilov V.B., Mishkorudnaya M.I., " Spectrophotometric analysis of blood plasma hydroperoxides", Laboratory Study 3, 1983, p.34-37