"IIS-RT" - 2006. Collection ¹ 38-3
Absorption spectrums of non-equilibrium solutions,Kurganovich V.S., Shironosov V.G.
received by means of electrolysis
Scientific Research Center "Resonant Technologies"
ZAO Scientific Research Center "IKAR" firstname.lastname@example.org
Collection of abstracts of VNKSF-12, Novosibirsk, 2006,
Technologies for water solutions activation exist
for more than two hundreds years; this process is performed through electrolysis
with a diaphragm or without one (Perov V.V., 1802). One of the most interesting
study directions in this sphere is producing of nonequlibrium low-mineralized
solutions with unique properties [1-3] (sterilizing, disinfectant and detergent
solutions with have microcluster structure that can activate liquids through non-contact
way and come back to normal state in several seconds or days).
many installations qualifying these demands are produced and used in different
spheres. However, since there is no universally accepted theory  explaining
processes accompanying solutions synthesis, express methods for its dynamic properties
estimation do not exist either. Existing methods are based on product composition
control which is found out by electrochemical reactions [4-7]. This study objective
is to offer a new express method of nonequilibrium solutions properties control
during the process of their synthesis. This method can be applied to different
electrochemical systems, especially to anolyte neutral cathodic (ANC) due to its
unique qualities .
The method is based on absorption spectrums discovered
in an ultraviolet region (200-400 nm). These absorption spectrums of solutions
are synthesized through electrolysis with a diaphragm (ANC) or without one (hypochlorite).
|Fig. 1. Absorption spectrum of solutions
received by different modes of electrochemical synthesis: 1) anolyte; 2) anolyte
neutral cathodic (ANC); 3) hypochlorite.||Fig. 2.
Representative change of an absorption spectrum of ANC solution 1) at
the moment of generation; 2) 24 hours later; 3) 4 days later; 4) 10 days later.|
Spectrums were registered by the spectrophotometer "Specord M40"
(Carl Zeiss, Jena) in quartz cells (optical distance - 10 mm). When experiments
took several days, solutions samples were kept in hermetic containers at 20 °C.
The offered method allows controlling solutions properties that change
in the course of time (fig.2) and with the changes of electroactivation modes.
Spectrums of anolyte and hypochlorite in this range have one maximum absorption
each (anolyte - 310…330 nm; hypochlorite - 292 nm), and these maximum absorptions
practically do not change in the course of time. ANC spectrum arouses interest
as it has two marked maximum absorptions (234 nm and 292 nm) with characteristic
nonlinear dynamics (Fig. 2) which indicate nonlinear processes taking place in
The results are especially interesting if one compares this
data with the processes [2, p.68] caused by formation of resonant microclusters
- dipole pairs (↑↓), (↑↑),
OÍ--ÎÍ- (Í2Î22-), ÍÎ-ÎÍ
(Í2Î2), 2×Í2Î (Í2Î-Í2Î)…-
that induce supercoherent electromagnetic emission [2,8]. The process of non-equilibrium
solutions synthesis using electrolysis is analogous to activated non-equilibrium
environments synthesis where animals and plants cells are used. Gurvich  paid
special attention to weak intrinsic ultraviolet emission of animals and plants
cells. This emission induces the surrounding cells mitosis, so Gurvich called
it "mitogenetic rays". Later scientists discovered characteristic absorption
spectrums (234 nm), which are observed during peroxidation of blood preparation
lipids . Lipids hydroperoxide content measurement is very important for diagnostics
and monitoring of diseases.
Thus spectrum analysis as a most reliable method
allows creating new, safe and simple ways to control quality of solutions received
with the help of electrochemical synthesis installations, as well as to explain
solutions synthesis processes and mechanisms and to speed up optimization of new
- Prilutskij V.I., Bakhar V.M.
"Electrochemically activated water: anomalous properties and biological mechanisms",
Moscow, VNIIIMT AO NPO "Screen", 1997, p. 228, sb10-1.htm
Shironosov V.G. "Resonance in physics, chemistry and biology", Izhevsk,
Udmurt State University, 2001, p. 92, sb22e.htm
A.N., Lapshin V.B. "Supramolecular water complexes" // E-magazine "Studied
in Russia", 2004, http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2004/files/pdf/038.pdf
V.I., Sukova O.I., Panicheva S.A. 'The express-method for measurement of strong
oxidant concentration of activated anolyte solutions synthesized in electrochemical
installations "STEL", "Aquachlorine" and "Hypochlorine";
ANC bactericidal properties duration'. The 2nd international symposium. electrochemical
activation. Abstracts and reports, part 1, p. 189-193, sb21-2.htm
S.I., "Active chlorine electrochemical running sensor". The 2nd international
symposium. electrochemical activation. Abstracts and reports, part 2, p. 332-334,
L.G., Rizaeva E.V., Abramov N.V., Bazhenova I.L., "Chlorine test for active
chlorine concentration measurement during electrochemical activation of solutions".
The 2nd international symposium. electrochemical activation. Abstracts and reports,
part 2, p. 370-371, sb21-2.htm
instructions for use of ANC produced in the installation "STEL-10N-120-01"
for disinfection, purification before sterilization and sterilization itself'.
(MZ RF, 14 Feb 1997), st_6.htm
A.G. ' Mitogenetic radiation", Moscow, Gosmedizdat, 1934.
V.B., Mishkorudnaya M.I., " Spectrophotometric analysis of blood plasma hydroperoxides",
Laboratory Study ¹3, 1983, p.34-37