Potassium permanganate solution spectrum changes during non-contact activation
Berdova E.S., Glukhova N.A., Shironosov V.G., Kurganovich V.S .
Scientific Research Center "Resonant Technologies" Udmurt State University, http://v4.udsu.ru/science/untsrt
Scientific Research Center "IKAR", ikar.udm.ru, email@example.com
Collection of abstracts of VNKSF-10, Moscow, 2004, p. 543-544
In 1999 Shironosov V.G. and Shironosov E.V. empirically proved the
effect of non-contact activation of liquids (NCAL) during a non-diaphragm electrolysis.
Before the experiments the problem 1/R3 - stable resonant microclusters formation
on the base of two of more dipoles - was theoretically solved. During electrolysis
non-contact activated liquid comes to a thermodynamically non-equilibrium state
and get a microcluster structure due to contact activated liquid emission (the
same process accompanies other ways of non-contact activation such as magnetic,
ultrasonic, laser, etc.). To investigate activated liquids properties we applied
not only the widely spread ORP measurement (Fig.1), but also absorption spectroscopy
(spectrophotometry) in optical and microwave range.
There is a simple explanation of the fact that solution spectrums change
during non-contact liquid activation, whereas their chemical composition remains
the same. It happens due to liquid transfer into a non-equilibrium thermodynamical
state with excess potential energy which appears thanks to the change of a structure:
oscillating dipoles (OH-...) near electrodes [1-3] form a microcluster
structure. On the base of resonant non-linear dynamical systems theory we can
prove that a variable electromagnetic field of two synchronously oscillating dipoles
(SOD) has a narrow frequency spectrum (effect of quadrupole resonance) and becomes
narrower ~1/r4. The effect of non-contact liquids activation (during
a non-diaphragm electrolysis) allows to receive non-equilibrium thermodynamical
liquids with microcluster structure and negative ORP without changing their chemical
Thus, as it was proved in the experiments, permanganate
solution can act as a liquid microcluster structure detector during NCAL. NCAL
as a method can be used for creations of new non-equilibrium resonant spectrometry
methods and devices when one deals with minute quantities of a solute or observes
changes during physical effects of different emissions and factors on liquids.
References: Shironosov V.G., Shironosov E.V. "Non-contact electrochemical water activation experiments", Collection of abstracts of the 2nd International Symposium "Electrochemical activation in medicine, farming and industry", Moscow, VNIIIMT AO NPO "Screen", Part 1, p.66-68 (1999), sb15-12e.htm.
 Shironosov V.G. "Resonance in physics, chemistry and biology", Izhevsk, Udmurt State University, 1-92 (2001), sb22e.htm.
 Shironosov V.G. "Two magnetic dipoles issue subject to equation of spin motion", "Physics", p.74-78 (1985), sb22e.htm
 Alekseev V.N. "Quantitative analysis", Moscow, "Chemistry", 1972